27.The vote in favour of leaving the European Union and hence the Common Fisheries Policy has raised expectations about the future of fisheries policy, which could be difficult to achieve. Leaving the EU will allow the UK to develop a national fisheries policy and control fishing activities within its EEZ. However, most commercial fish stocks in British waters are shared with other countries, making it essential to continue cooperation with the EU and other neighbouring countries for the sustainability of these stocks. (paragraph 175) The North-East Atlantic coastal states have agreed to follow the recommendations of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICEM) for Norwegian Spring Spawning (NSS) catches for herring and blue in 2021. The model of recent years has allowed coastal states to agree to use the above council as a reference before setting unilateral quotas that exceed the overall reference. Finally, the first round of consultations on pelagic stock control measures for 2021 focused on what coastal states will be able to approve the package of important control measures currently adopted by the European Union, Norway and the Faroe Islands. 28.The fishing industry contributes a small share of the UK`s GDP compared to other sectors of the UK economy, but it has considerable social, cultural and economic value for the UK`s coastal communities. It should not be marginalised in the wider Brexit negotiations. (paragraph 176) 1.As an independent coastal state, in accordance with the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, the UK will be required to manage live fishing resources and activities in its exclusive economic zone in a sustainable manner. As a result, the UK government and the devolvede administration will be obliged to develop and implement a national fisheries policy after leaving the EU. (paragraph 33) Three-party mackerel agreement in 2017 and bilateral EU-Norway 2017 agreement on mackerel in 2021, the parties to the negotiations discussed Von Derin`s issues in the first round of consultations in 2021, namely, Norway, the Faroe Islands, Greenland, Iceland, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the European Union, scientific opinions on TACs for 2021 and crop control rules assessed by the ICEM in 2020.
Delegations agreed that the CIEM`s scientific advice, which corresponds to the maximum performance approach (MMR), provides a good basis for setting THE TAC for 2021. Delegations also agreed to meet no later than 25 November 2020 to discuss the allocation agreement and conclude the agreement on consultations for 2021. 13.Scientific advice is essential to reaching agreement on quotas for the use of common stocks and we welcome the Minister`s assurance that the government will continue to adopt a scientifically sound approach. But the allowable catch totals are ultimately political decisions, although through scientific advice, and replacing the current structures for negotiating TAC for common stocks will be essential to meet the UK and the EU`s sustainable fisheries commitments. (paragraph 103) With regard to herring, coastal states have agreed that catches should not exceed 651,033 tonnes. The ICEM council for 2020 was 525,594 tonnes, but the sum of the quotas agreed in 2020 was 693,915 tonnes — catches regularly exceed the recommendations, as fishing countries set unilateral quotas. “With regard to mackerel, the consultations of the coastal state went very well this week,” said Martine Roiseland, head of communications with the Norwegian Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries, in Undercurrente. 7.La exit from the Common Fisheries Policy is an opportunity for the UK to review fisheries management practices and develop a tailor-made management regime for the UK.