EXPORTs of USDA organic products. BIO products exported to Canada must be accompanied by a biological certificate issued by a USDA-accredited certification body and recognized in accordance with the terms of the U.S.-Canada equivalency agreement. The USDA Biological Certificate must include the following certificate: “Agricultural products from animals treated with antibiotics cannot be marketed as organic in the United States.” See requirements for USDA organic products exported to Canada on the Canadian government website. The list of CFIA-accredited certification bodies is available on the CFIA`s website for organic products. Under organic equivalency, manufacturers certified by a USDA-accredited certification body in accordance with National Organic Program rules are not required to double certify to Canadian organic standards to meet Canadian labeling requirements when exporting to the Canadian market. Similarly, Canadian manufacturers certified in accordance with Canadian organic standards by a CFIA-accredited certification body are considered NOP equivalent to meet U.S. market labelling requirements when sold in the United States. In general, all USDA and COR certified organic products are commercially suitable for this equivalence, but there are certain provisions. All organic products imported into the EU must comply with EU labelling requirements. FAO, IFOAM and UNCTAD agree that the equivalence between country-regulated biological programmes provides a solution to the current problems of trade barriers, redundancies and inefficiencies between global organic regulations, standards and management systems. The internal market will develop on the basis of an facilitated supply and demand chain and a reduction in inefficiencies and regulatory redundancies that will benefit producers, producers, consumers and retailers. Although equivalence opens up the domestic market to imports, a competitive advantage over imported products is maintained by increased purchasing decisions for “products” and “locals”. Equivalency agreements are trade agreements with other countries.
It is only after evaluating and comparing the two regulatory systems, including standards, to enter into an organic equivalency agreement with another country to determine whether the principles and results obtained are consistent. During their negotiations on ecological equivalence and in consultation with their national stakeholders, the USDA and CFIA found that some technical differences between the two standards had to be maintained by the importing country. As a result, biobiological products traded between the United States and Canada must meet the following additional requirements to be considered “equivalent” under this trade agreement. Equivalency agreements are concluded by countries with similar organic regulatory programs to facilitate trade.