When the Green Climate Fund received its first round of funding, contributions were more or less arbitrary. This time, countries will have the opportunity to enshrine their contributions in objective measures of capacity, responsibility and ambition. The Fund is unique in its ability to be directly involved in climate-sensitive investments, both with the public and private sectors. The GCF cooperates directly with the private sector through its Private Sector Mechanism (PSF). As part of its innovation framework, it is able to address significant climate-related risks that enable it to mobilize and cope with additional funding. It offers a wide range of financial products, including grants, loans, subordinated debts, equity and guarantees. This helps meet project needs and adapts to specific investment contexts, including the use of its funds to overcome market barriers for private financing. When President Donald Trump announced his intention to withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement, he had much to say about international climate finance. Many of them were simply imprecise.
Climate finance advocates in Congress have spent the past three years on the defensive and have worked to maintain the current level of spending. But there is an urgent need to rapidly increase investment in the fight against climate change and public finances play a key role. Over the past 25 years, dozens of national, regional and international climate funds have emerged, creating a confusing system. New research on WRI offers recommendations to attract and fund climate funding more effectively. As developing countries are increasingly affected by the effects of climate change, there is an increasing urgency to have effective access to adaptation. The lack of promised funds and the potential dependence on the private sector are controversial and have been criticized by developing countries.  It is equally important that the CCC demonstrate its effectiveness in pursuing the ambitious institutional agenda that contributors have recommended as part of the reconstruction of the NEXT GCC strategic plan, which is in the works. The plan must demonstrate that the EMB is a strong partner for recipient countries and their implementation agencies, as partners in multilateral and bilateral agencies that have addressed climate change, and thus serve as an effective catalyst to reduce the size of climate change actions around the world. French President Emmanuel Macron`s summit, scheduled for December, two years after the Paris agreement, aims to promote more climate protection, especially in the financial market.
Here`s what the summit can do to boost the global climate finance system. Non-federal politicians in the United States who support the Paris Agreement can help the poorest and most vulnerable to climate change. The GCF launched its first mobilization of resources in 2014 and quickly raised $10.3 billion in commitments. These funds come mainly from industrialized countries, but also from some developing countries, regions and cities. U.S. President Obama forced the United States to contribute $3 billion to the fund. In January 2017, during his last three days in office, Obama initiated the transfer of a second tranche of $500 million to the Fund, which resulted in a $2 billion maturing. In announcing the U.S.
exit from the Paris Agreement on June 1, 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump also criticized the Green Climate Fund and called it a program to redistribute wealth from rich to poor countries.  The world`s largest climate fund is nearing the end of its first funding round. As examples from Mongolia, India and Morocco show, the Green Climate Fund can be a revolutionary donor to launch low-carbon projects in developing countries. The aim of the Green Climate Fund is to “support projects, programmes, policies and other activities in developing countries