From 1977 to 2015, pro-EU views enjoyed majority support at different times.  In the 1975 referendum on community membership, two-thirds of British voters voted in favour of continued membership of the Community. During the decades of accession between Britain and the EU, British politics has experienced Euroscepticism on the left and right.   The British Parliament passed Prime Minister Boris Johnson`s Brexit Act, authorising the UK`s exit from the EU. The vote ends years of battle for the initial conditions of the British exit. When the convincing result of the vote was announced, supported by more than 100 new recruits on the government benches, a Conservative MP got caught at the microphone and exclaimed, “Back out of the net.” On 16Thover, the British Parliament voted 432 to 202 against May`s Brexit deal. In response to the result, European Council President Donald Tusk suggested that the only solution be for the UK to remain in the EU. Meanwhile, the British Labour Party has called for a vote of no confidence in the Prime Minister, his second leadership challenge in as many months. Withdrawal from the European Union is governed by Article 50 of the Treaty on the European Union. Originally designed by Lord Kerr of Kinlochard, it was introduced by the Lisbon Treaty at the request of the United Kingdom.[Citation required] The article stipulates that each Member State can withdraw “in accordance with its own constitutional requirements” by informing the European Council of its intention to do so.  The notification triggers a two-year negotiating period during which the EU “must negotiate and conclude an agreement with [the withdrawal state] defining the terms of its withdrawal within the framework of its future relations with the European Union”.  If no agreement is reached within two years, accession will end without agreement, unless all EU Member States, including the Withdrawal Member State, are unanimously renewed.  On the EU side, the agreement must be ratified by the European Council and the European Parliament by qualified majority.  Prime Minister David Cameron resigned following a British referendum in June 2016, in which 52% voted in favour of leaving the EU and 48% in favour of remaining in the EU. On 29 March 2017, Theresa May`s new Uk government formally informed the EU of its intention to step down and begin the Brexit process. The withdrawal was originally scheduled for March 29, 2019. It was delayed by a deadlock in the British Parliament after the June 2017 general election, resulting in a suspended Parliament, where the Conservatives lost their majority but remained the main party. This blockage has led to three extensions of the Article 50 procedure. On Friday, for the first time since the election, MPs will vote on Mr Johnson`s deal. The legislation is expected to pass after the 365 Conservative MPs have pledged to support it.
Keir Starmer, the shadow Brexit secretary, who spoke at the end of the debate, agreed with Johnson`s proposal that it was time to step aside from the referendum campaign when he himself was a devout. Many of the effects of Brexit depended on the UK withdrawing through a withdrawal agreement or before the ratification of a “Non-Deal” Brexit agreement.  The Financial Times reported that there were some 759 international agreements in 168 third countries in which the UK would no longer have participated after the EU withdrawal.  The European Research Group (ERG), a staunchly anti-EU group within the Conservative Party, rejected the withdrawal agreement proposed by the Prime Minister.