Unfortunately, with the start of the conflict in Georgia in August 2008 and Russia`s unilateral decision to recognize the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, the new craze was quickly spread. In response to this decision, the EU decided at an extraordinary European Council to postpone negotiations on the new partnership agreement. In an assessment of EU-Russia relations carried out by the European Commission in November 2008, it was recommended to “continue the negotiations, firstly because it would allow the EU to pursue its own interests with Russia and, secondly, because it is the best way to cooperate with Russia on the basis of a common position”.8 In other words, an open dialogue on differences of opinion was seen as a better option than a simple suspension of negotiations. This position was later confirmed by the General Affairs and External Relations Council: the bilateral agreements envisaged between the EU and Russia, which are included in the common area roadmaps: perhaps the most important feature of the APC is the establishment of a regular political dialogue in a multi-level institutional framework including eu-Russia high-level summits , ministerial meetings, diplomatic contacts and parliamentary cooperation. This political dialogue has extended cooperation between the EU and Russia beyond the material scope of the provisions of the APC. the institutional structures of the APC have played a key role in finding compromise solutions on issues related to EU enlargement, such as the move of people to Kaliningrad or the extension of the CPA to the new EU Member States. the resolution of bilateral problems in the EU-Russia Strategic Partnership, which allows partners to “discuss any issues relating to the interpretation or implementation of this agreement and other relevant aspects of relations between the parties” within the CPA institutions. However, the main weakness of the CPA`s institutional framework is that it is not possible to make legally binding decisions in the Permanent Partnership Council (Article 90). As a result, progress in EU-Russia relations is based primarily on the conclusion of specific bilateral agreements or joint declarations of purely political value. As an alternative to the forthcoming free trade negotiations, the EU has encouraged the idea of a Common European Economic Area (CEES).
An important provision in this regard is Article 55 of the APC, which explicitly states that “Russia is trying to gradually align its legislation with that of the European Community”. In other words, there is a unilateral commitment by Russia to adapt its own legislation to EU standards, while there is no mutual obligation for the EU to do the same with regard to Russian legislation.